Air pollution has been posing a danger onto the population and is causing immense health issues and also harming the planet Earth.
We are breathing polluted air every day, and we are aware of this fearful fact. Still, we are still there taking no efforts to improve today's condition.
The air that we breathe comprises of various gases. Some are good and essential for our body to produce energy, such as oxygen. But, there are gases which are harmful too, for our well being like heavy amounts of carbon dioxide. India's toxic air has claimed 1.24 million lives in 2017, or 12.5 percent of total deaths recorded in the year.
More than 51 percent of the people who died because of air pollution were younger than 70. The amount of carbon dioxide is increasing day by day. A lot of it is emitted by the use of vehicles which run on petrol and diesel.
When petrol and diesel are burnt, it gives out carbon dioxide. The harmful gases are also emitted from the factories; which further adds to this situation. Active smokers are also contributing to it. Thus, these facts are threatening to the quality of air that we breathe; causing ‘air pollution’.
Too much of unwanted gases in the environment make the situation worse. This is indirectly affecting climate change. This change is evident, as we experience hot weather during the winter season, unusual rainfall all these impact on the climate that is causing the change.
This further affects the health of people; through various health conditions such as chest congestion, asthma, and bronchitis. We move out in public space, interact with people around and tend to spread and contract these diseases.
Air pollution is a major contributor to these health conditions and unusual changes in climate. One of the reasons for air pollution is toxic gas emissions from industries and vehicles. Air pollution is also caused by the release of greenhouse gases that are increasing day by day.
A gas that absorbs and emits lustrous energy within the thermal infrared range are called greenhouse gases, which causes the greenhouse effect. The primary greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and ozone. All these cumulatively contribute to global warming where the temperature of the surface of the earth is increasing more than normal.
All these conditions form a vicious cycle; that not only destroys the environment but also affects the quality of human life. Thus, as our duty towards our “Mother Earth”, care must be taken by before polluting it.
Conclusion- What can be done from our end? Some of the points that can be considered can be to buy products made from recycled materials or designed to be safer for the environment. Use masks or other kinds of protectants to stay away from the harmful gases. Make more use of public transport than private vehicles.
Editor: Anomitra Dey
1.Campbell-Lendrum, D., & Prüss-Ustün, A. (2019). Climate change, air pollution and noncommunicable diseases. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 97(2), 160. 10.2471/BLT.18.224295
2. Tangcharoensathien, V., Chandrasiri, O., Waleewong, O., & Rajatanavin, N. (2019). Overcoming internal challenges and external threats to noncommunicable disease control. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 97(2), 74. 10.2471/BLT.18.228809
3. YouTube Video link: