The fuel that would cause a minimal rate of pollution and ultimately save the environment. 

The advent of the digital age has promoted the ease of travel and transport. This has, in turn, increased the number of privately owned vehicles. The fuel used by these vehicles is mostly petrol or diesel. The vehicles run through the ignition of these fuels give out carbon dioxide (CO2) and other gases. Therefore, there has been a rise in the (CO2) level in the atmosphere. CO2 is a huge contributor to global warming. Rise in CO2 levels has led to ecological imbalance.

 

COUNTRIES USING BIODIESEL
Biodiesel_Flow chart
Biodiesel image 2

This is an alarming situation that needs to be tackled through an alternate source of fuel that doesn’t release such harmful gases or elements to our environment. Bio-based fuels are a remedy to the current situation. Extensive research and resources are being invested for the generation of such fuels.

Biodiesel - Diesel is one of the major fuels utilized in transportation and for various commercial operations. So what is “Biodiesel”? It is a fuel derived from natural sources and is environmentally friendly. This fuel does not release harmful gases and also reduces the emission of (CO2). The popularity of biodiesel is consistently increasing as people are searching for alternative energy resources.

The important materials used for biodiesel are vegetable oil, animal oil/fats, and waste cooking oil. The oil along with other chemicals, break into compounds called esters. After further purification of the resultant mixtures, biodiesel is formed. This is a cost-effective process and further contributes to the reduction of Global warming.

Biofuel combinations are widely used in countries such as USA, Brazil, Canada, Europe, Australia, China, India and Thailand.

Conclusion - What can we do as an individual to save our environment? The answer is to stop polluting it by making use of vehicles that are energy-efficient. Servicing private vehicles up to date becomes important. Make use of public transport for shorter distances.

Editor: Anomitra Dey

References:
1. Khare, V., Nema, S., & Baredar, P. (2016). Solar–wind hybrid renewable energy system: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 58, 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.12.223
2. Krishna, K. S., & Kumar, K. S. (2015). A review on hybrid renewable energy systems. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 52, 907-916.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.187
3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renewable_energy

4. Youtube Video Link:

 

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