Immigrant birds are the most affected due to lights at night, as they cannot find the geographical path they follow and get lost while immigrating. This affects their environmental locations for their survival and this degrades their life and future generations.
Pollution is a very common term, that refers to imbalance from balance. It can be natural or artificial. Pollution exists from the beginning of life on the planet. That time it was very minimal and nature could balance it back without disturbing the equilibrium. Over the last few decades, industrialisation and urbanisation have been a source of various pollutants. This has drastically increased imbalance in the ecosystem, over a period of time. Pollutants are substances which cause pollution. The level of such chemical compounds has crossed the bar where natural equilibrium is disturbed having damaging effects. Types of pollution are air, water, sound, light, radioactive, thermal, littering, and soil contamination.
Types of Pollution:
Air pollution causes the temperature to rise, smog, and greenhouse gas effect due to carbon monoxide, methane in the atmosphere. Water is polluted by chemical residues mixed in the water. If such polluted water is consumed by living species, then chemicals mixed inside it affect their health. Sound pollution is an irritation one feels due to loud sound, for example, vehicle’s loud horns, aeroplane and industrial noise.
Can we imagine life without light? No, but the more we are dependent on light the most is the light pollution. It is important to use minimal light sources, especially at night. Immigrant birds are the most affected due to lights at night. They cannot find the geographical path they follow and get lost while immigrating. This affects their environmental locations of immigration. As a result, it rises difficulties in their survival. This degrades their life as well as future generations.
Chemical and electronics industries are the reason behind radioactive resources and radiation through electronic systems present everywhere. Everything we are doing under the umbrella of industrialisation is causing climate change and ultimately global warming affecting the planet’s health. From small pencil to big architectures, whatever we consider waste, is littering the planet. This is rising landfills resulting in one of the biggest challenges of waste management. Underground leakage of chemicals contaminate both the soil and groundwater resources. We are already on urgent alert of finishing groundwater resources. If we keep polluting them, the severity of water supply will, no doubt, rise exponentially.
As Newton’s third law says that every action has an equal and opposite reaction, the more we harm our environment more we will be harmed………. So it’s time to introspect and act for the future!
Edited by: Anomitra Dey