An alternative way for the use of petrol which will help to keep the environment pollution-free. 

Population increase is a grave concern in a country like India. The rise in population demands more resources in terms of food, shelter and energy. The energy requirement is met through various fuels produced from the non-renewable sources of energy, which is limited. The energy requirements from fuel are not only consuming our natural reserve of energy but also contributing to pollution. Usage of non-renewable sources of energy is affecting the living standards and endangering the environment. This necessity calls for an alternative source of energy.



Bioethanol -  Biofuel is the answer to this need.  The production of bioethanol is widely used for the generation of energy. “Bioethanol” can be produced from waste generated from household and agriculture. Corn grain and sugarcane waste are commonly used for bioethanol production.

Bioethanol can be a replacement for petrol used in vehicles. Ethanol is made by the breaking down of the complex sugars in the corn grain and sugarcane into smaller molecules. The breaking down is performed by microorganisms in the absence of oxygen. This is termed as “anaerobic process”. Usually, 10% of this ethanol and 90% of petrol mixture is termed as bioethanol. Countries like the U.S., U.K., Europe, China, etc. are already utilising this form of fuel.

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Bioethenol_Flow chart

It has been proven that bioethanol may help to decrease the harmful emissions from the vehicles and also reduce the (CO2) levels in the environment. Greater acceptability of bioethanol will ultimately result in reducing pollution.

Conclusion - As an individual, there are some ways you could stop the emission of harmful gases. One such way is the use of vehicles that use CNG as fuel. Secondly, reduce the use of private vehicles.

Editor: Anomitra Dey
1. Gray, K. A., Zhao, L., & Emptage, M. (2006). Bioethanol. Current opinion in chemical biology, 10(2), 141-146.
2. Kim, S., & Dale, B. E. (2004). Global potential bioethanol production from wasted crops and crop residues. Biomass and bioenergy, 26(4), 361-375.
3. Sarkar, N., Ghosh, S. K., Banerjee, S., & Aikat, K. (2012). Bioethanol production from agricultural wastes: an overview. Renewable energy, 37(1), 19-27.


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